Exploring ICT in Empowering Persons with Disabilities in Nepal

Keywords: Persons with Disabilities (PwD), Employment, Information and Communications Technology (ICT), Assistive, Accessibility
Ritu Raj Lamsal - Department of Computer Science, Deerwalk Institute of Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal
Sabin Pathak - Deerwalk Institute of Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal
Subigya Nepal - Dartmouth college, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
Mohan Bomrel - Deerwalk Institute of Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal
Published Date: 2019-04-03

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 1 billion of the world’s population, i.e., around 15% of all people, live with some form of disability. In Nepal, around 2% of the total population has some kind of disability. Most of the disabled population is of a low socioeconomic status. However, the generic studies and surveys that exist are largely varied and are likely to be inaccurate. Person with Disabilities (PwD) face utter challenges and difficulties in areas from their normal livelihood to employment opportunities. Various organizations and activists have been working toward raising the socioeconomic status and quality of life of PwD. With the advent of new technologies, especially in Information and Communications Technology (ICT), that promote accessibility via different assistive devices, the possibility of inclusion of PwD in education and employment has become apparent and many organizations throughout the world have become inclusive. The potential of ICT to transform the lives of PwD should be addressed by the government and other organizations working for the benefit of PwD by formulating and implementing the policies. This paper analyzes various aspects on Disability, Employment, the Role of ICT, and Accessibility to Empower the Life of PwD in Nepal.

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